Increased symptoms of liver cancers prompt treatment

The incidence of liver cancer has increased by approximately 75% since 1990. The main causes of liver cancer include infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), alcohol consumption, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and other factors.

HBV and HCV are the leading causes of liver cancer, but in recent years the increase has also been attributed to the rising incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Over the past 30 years, there has been a gradual increase in the incidence and average age of onset of liver cancer, regardless of the underlying cause.

The majority of people with liver cancer have chronic liver disease (also called chronic liver disease). A person’s risk of developing liver cancer increases if they have chronic liver disease.

Typically, liver cancer shows no signs on its own. Some people may have a lump or small pain in their upper abdomen, feel full quickly after starting to eat, or lose weight.

Others may have symptoms caused by the liver disease they had before they got the cancer. These symptoms can get worse or come back because of the cancer, including yellowish discoloration of the skin, stomach bloating, and swelling in the feet.

Liver cancer can be treated in different ways. Treatment depends on the stage of your cancer. It also depends on the health of your liver (in other words, how bad your liver disease was before you got cancer). The different treatments include:

Operation: Sometimes liver cancer can be treated with surgery to remove the part of the liver that has cancer.

liver transplant: A liver transplant is a type of surgery in which a doctor replaces a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person.

Ablation therapy: Ablation therapy is a procedure that can kill liver cancer cells and does not involve surgery. Doctors can perform ablation therapy in different ways. They can kill cancer cells using heat, microwaves, a laser, or radiation therapy.

Block cancer blood supply: Doctors may do a procedure called embolization to block the blood vessel that sends blood to the cancer. By “depriving” the cancer of its blood supply, it prevents the disease from spreading. Sometimes, chemotherapy (“chemoembolization”) or radiotherapy are combined with the embolization technique (“radioembolization”).

Immunotherapy: This is the term doctors use for drugs that work with the body’s infection-fighting system (the “immune system”) to stop the growth of cancer.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the medical term for drugs that kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing.

After treatment, frequent checks are done to see if the cancer comes back. Regular follow-up tests including examinations, blood tests and imaging tests. It is imperative to maintain regular follow-up with your doctor, especially if someone is suffering from chronic hepatitis or has established chronic liver disease.

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