When the British left India in 1947, the golden bird was left in shambles due to the chaos of partition. Since multiple languages are spoken across the lengths and breadths of India, the government chose to divide the states based on their political and cultural feasibility. However, during the 1920s freedom fighters promised India that the states would be reorganized if and when the British left and that each language would have its province.
Consequently, the British era province of Bombay was recognized as the State of Bombay under the State Recognition Act of 1956. However, the grouping together of several vernaculars created unrest and discord in the newly formed state.
Bombay Reorganization Act, 1960
When the protests broke out, there were two large groups. People who spoke Kutchi and Gujarati formed a group, while those who spoke Marathi and Konkani became one. The Samyukta Maharashtra movement and the Mahagujarat movement have become the face of these claims, News18 reported.
The Indian government saw the protests simmer in the state and crafted the Bombay Reorganization Act, which parliament passed on May 1, 1960. Thus, two new states, Maharashtra and Gujarat, were formed in India . Nevertheless, the ruling government in the former state of Bombay carried the brunt of the division of the state.
Linguistic diversity in two states
In Maharashtra’s capital, Mumbai, Marathi is the precursor, with around 45% of people conversing in the language. However, 20% of the state’s population still speaks Gujarati. Besides English and Hindi, Marathi and Gujarati are the two most widely spoken languages in the city of dreams.
Similarly, the 2011 census showed that more than 9 lakh of Gujarat spoke Marathi. Hence, signifying the diversity and inclusiveness of India’s rich history and culture.
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